Recommend This Site
Social Networks
Recent Tweets
« Photoresist Developing | Main | Determination of Free Acidity as Hydrochloric Acid in Ferric Chloride Solution RDM-5007 »

HCl in Ferric Chloride Solutions RDM-5004

RD Chemical Logo

HCl in Ferric Chloride Solutions (RDM-5004)

Procedure for Analysis

Ferric Chloride is reduced to Ferrous by addition of Sodium Thiosulfate solution, so that it does not interfere with titration. Solution is then titrated with 0.100N Sodium Carbonate to pH 4.00. Sodium Carbonate will neutralize HCl, but will not precipitate metals present, like NaOH would.

Reagents Required:
  • Saturated Sodium Thiosulfate solution
  • 0.100N Sodium Carbonate solution
  • pH 4.0 Buffer

Equipment Required:
  • 5.00 ml volumetric pipet
  • 50 ml buret
  • pH meter
  • Magnetic stirrer
  • 250 ml flask
Procedure: This procedure is tricky, and will have to be practiced to get reliable results. The procedure should be done in a flask, rather than a beaker to minimize re-oxidation of the ferric by the air, and this makes it very cumbersome to get the pH probe and the buret tip into the flask while it is being stirred on the magnetic stirrer.

Pipet 5.00 mls of the ferric chloride solution to be tested into flask, dilute to 100 mls with deionized water. Add saturated Sodium Thiosulfate solution, one drop at a time, until solution turns (sort of) clear, and further addition does not produce cause additional brown/black color to form. This will require about 5 mls. (Excess Sodium Thiosulfate will cause titration to be low) Place (standardized) pH meter electrode in solution, and titrate with 0.100N Sodium Carbonate solution to pH 4.00, note mls required.

Grams/liter HCl = mls 0.100N Sod. Carbonate X 0.729 Or: %HCl ≈ mls 0.100N Sodium Carbonate X 0.052

* This procedure originally developed by Buckbee Mears Corp.

PrintView Printer Friendly Version

EmailEmail Article to Friend